Addiction is a serious medical problem, and at Alcoholism Treatment Centers Orange, we specialize in medical detox and rehab treatment for the effective management of the disease. Our alcoholism treatment programs vary depending on the extent and length of abuse, and are catered to fit the needs of our patients.
Alcoholism treatment can be divided into pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy programs, with medications often used to treat physical dependence and psychotherapy measures recommended for all abuse and dependence cases. The process of alcoholism treatment can also be understood sequentially, with medical detox followed by behavioral therapy and aftercare support. If you need to access professional alcohol rehab, call the addiction specialists at Drug Treatment Centers Orange at 973-651-0731.
This disease is defined medically as alcohol use disorder, with this classification including the previous psychiatric classifications of abuse and dependence. This disorder is diagnosed when at least two of the following symptoms are experienced over a single 12-month period: tolerance, withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use or dose reduction, social problems created by drinking, health problems, extensive drinking over a long time period, lots of time spent thinking about the substance, not able to fulfill responsibilities because of it, non-stop cravings, facing difficulties cutting down, drinking in dangerous situations, and continuing to drink despite negative consequences. Alcohol abuse and dependence are often contrasted, with dependence often linked with a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome.
The exact causes of alcoholism are unclear, with a complex mix of environmental and genetic factors known to influence rates of addiction. A number of studies have been performed to examine these causes, with the availability of the substance known to influence abuse rates along with gender differences and genetic variation. One study found that the genes responsible for the metabolism of alcohol also influenced the risk of alcoholism, with another study linking early substance use with the risk of developing dependence. 40 percent of people with alcohol dependence were already drinking excessively by their late adolescence, with both genetic and environmental factors responsible. Early childhood trauma is also likely to influence dependence rates later in life, as is lack of family and peer support.
Extensive alcohol consumption is associated with a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome, with withdrawal symptoms ranging from mild to severe depending on the extent of abuse. Possible symptoms include sweating, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, seizures, hallucinations, and delirium tremens. Medications are often prescribed to help alleviate and manage these symptoms, with benzodiazepine drugs commonly used. Long half-life benzos are often preferred in this situation, with a gradual dose reduction of these medications sometimes needed. Other medications may also be applied during the rehabilitation phase of treatment, including Campral, Antabuse, and two different forms of the opioid antagonist naltrexone.
A range of behavioral therapy programs and counseling regimes are used to treat alcoholism, with cognitive behavioral therapy one popular example. Family therapy is also used in this context, as is contingency management, motivational interviewing, 12-step support groups, and individual counseling. Most psychotherapy programs are based on motivational, cognitive or behavioral therapy principles, with some programs combining these different approaches to encourage abstinence and support the recovery process. Relapse prevention also plays an integral role during alcoholism treatment, with recovering alcoholics given the skills and support they need for a sustainable and long-term recovery.